Biochemistry (Moscow) (v.71, #1)

A novel low molecular weight alanine aminotransferase from fasted rat liver by M. Vedavathi; K. S. Girish; M. Karuna Kumar (S105-S112).
Alanine is the most effective precursor for gluconeogenesis among amino acids, and the initial reaction is catalyzed by alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT). Although the enzyme activity increases during fasting, this effect has not been studied extensively. The present study describes the purification and characterization of an isoform of AlaAT from rat liver under fasting. The molecular mass of the enzyme is 17.7 kD with an isoelectric point of 4.2; glutamine is the N-terminal residue. The enzyme showed narrow substrate specificity for L-alanine with K m values for alanine of 0.51 mM and for 2-oxoglutarate of 0.12 mM. The enzyme is a glycoprotein. Spectroscopic and inhibition studies showed that pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) and free-SH groups are involved in the enzymatic catalysis. PLP activated the enzyme with a K m of 0.057 mM.
Keywords: alanine aminotransferase; fasting; purification