Annual Reports Section "A" (Inorganic Chemistry) (v.106, #00)

Front cover (1-2).

Contents (3-18).

Introduction by Frank J. Berry; Eric G. Hope (19-19).

Metallomics and metalloproteomics are an emerging scientific area focusing on the molecular mechanisms of metal-dependent life processes and the entirety of metal and metalloid species within a cell or tissue/organ. Metallomics is also a part of functional proteomics, complements metabonomics and structural geonomics of metalloproteins. This review summarizes the recent progress of metallomics with a focus on analytical techniques capable of high-throughput quantification, distribution, speciation, identification and structural characterisation. The applications of these advanced analytical methods in the identification of metallo-/phosphor-/seleno-proteins, probing of structure-function relationships of metalloproteins, and the study of metallodrugs will be selectively outlined.

Alkaline and alkaline earth metals by Michael S. Hill (39-61).
This chapter provides a non-critical overview of research advances involving the elements of Groups 1 and 2 during the calendar year 2009. As was the case in previous years, coverage will concentrate upon topics centred around the synthesis, structures and applications of coordination compounds of these elements. This self-imposed restriction will necessarily result in the omission of numerous advances in other branches of chemistry and, for this, the author wishes to apologise in advance.

Boron, aluminium, gallium, indium and thallium by Andrew L. Johnson (62-86).
The aim of this chapter is to reflect the major advances in the chemistry of the Group 13 elements in the literature published in peer-reviewed journals during 2009. As in previous years this review is not exhaustive; focusing on what the author believes to be significant works and contributions to the field. The author apologises in advance that not all work can be covered and afforded the same depth of coverage.

Carbon, silicon, germanium, tin and lead by Jonathan Parr (87-103).
This report reviews the literature published during 2009 that dealt with the chemistry of carbon, silicon, germanium, tin and lead.

This chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 on the chemistry of nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, antimony and bismuth.

Oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium and polonium by Ewan R. Clark; Rebecca L. Melen; Jeremy M. Rawson (119-135).
This Chapter reviews the 2009 literature regarding the Group 16 elements, with an emphasis on the synthesis of new metal clusters, heterocycles, reactivity trends and materials properties.

Halogens by Michael W. Justik (136-147).
This chapter provides a digest of the literature reported during 2009 concerning the halogens and compounds containing these elements in their positive oxidation states. Its intent is to highlight discovery and provide insight into current research trends.

Noble gases by Michael W. Justik (148-154).
This chapter provides a digest of the literature reported during 2009 concerning the noble gases and compounds containing these elements. Its intent is to highlight discovery and provide insight into current research trends.

Titanium, zirconium, hafnium by S. A. Cotton (155-164).
This chapter reviews literature reported during 2009 on titanium, zirconium and hafnium.

Vanadium, niobium and tantalum by J. Robin Fulton (165-175).
This Chapter reviews the literature concerning the group 5 elements that has been reported during 2009. The syntheses of new coordination and organometallic compounds are summarized, in addition to a review of their applications in the areas of catalysis and biological/medicinal chemistry.

Chromium, molybdenum and tungsten by Alvin A. Holder (176-185).
This chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 on some important advances in the areas of catalysis, bioinorganic, and organometallic chemistry for the chromium triad. Research highlights for each metal during the year are also given.

Manganese, technetium and rhenium by Andrew J. West (186-195).
This Chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 on manganese, technetium and rhenium. The synthesis of novel compounds and complexes of these metals is reviewed and new observations and inferences are reported. Research highlights for each of the metals during the year are also given.

Iron, ruthenium, osmium by S. A. Cotton (196-206).
This chapter reviews literature reported during 2009 on iron, ruthenium and osmium.

Cobalt, rhodium and iridium by Martin B. Smith (207-222).
This chapter provides a selective review of the literature for 2009 on the chemistry of the Group 9 elements.

Nickel, palladium and platinum by Athanasia Dervisi (223-234).
This report summarizes the literature from 2009 relevant to the chemistry of the group 10 transition elements. Novel coordination and organometallic compounds of these elements are presented and selected applications in the areas of catalysis, bioinorganic/medicinal chemistry are discussed.

Copper by Jane Nelson (235-254).
This chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 on copper, focusing on biologically relevant and coordination chemistry of copper.

Silver and gold by N. Meyer; E. Schuh; F. Mohr (255-268).
This article reviews the literature reported during 2009 on gold and silver coordination and organometallic chemistry, focusing on synthetic applications, photophysical properties, biochemical studies as well as compounds with unique structural features. Gold and silver nanomaterials, self-assembled monolayers on surfaces as well as other metallic compounds (alloys) of gold and silver are not included here.

Zinc, cadmium and mercury by Martyn P. Coles (269-275).
This Chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 on zinc, cadmium and mercury, focusing on the synthesis of novel molecular species and interesting reactivity.

Scandium, yttrium, the lanthanides by S. A. Cotton (276-285).
This chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 on scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide elements.

The actinides by S. A. Cotton (286-294).
This chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 on the actinide and transactinide elements.

Macrocyclic coordination chemistry by Stephen J. Archibald (295-318).
This chapter reviews the literature published during 2009 reporting macrocyclic coordination chemistry. The focus is on complexes formed with transition metal and lanthanide ions (porphyrin ligands and supramolecular chemistry are not covered). The intention is to summarise trends in macrocyclic chelator design and the impact of the subsequent coordination chemistry on applications.

Supramolecular coordination chemistry by Paul J. Lusby (319-339).
This chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 in the field of supramolecular coordination chemistry. With a few exceptions, this review has been limited to discrete assemblies, and as such will not describe metallosupramolecular coordination polymers or metallo-organic frameworks.

New compounds and structures in the solid state by Edmund J. Cussen (340-355).
This chapter reviews the 2009 literature on new compounds and structures in the solid state.

Fullerenes by Adam D. Darwish (356-375).
This chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 on fullerene chemistry. It focuses on production and properties, organic and organometallic chemistry, endohedral derivatives and advanced materials as well as theoretical studies and possible applications of fullerene and its derivatives.

Nanotubes by Karl S. Coleman (376-390).

Inorganic and organometallic polymers by Eric Rivard (391-409).
This article summarizes various research highlights selected from the 2009 literature pertaining to the synthesis and study of macromolecules that contain main group and transition metal elements in the polymer backbone.

Reaction mechanisms in solution by Paul T. Maragh (410-428).
This chapter reviews the literature reported in 2009 on the homogeneous reactions of inorganic species in solution, excluding the reactions of p-block elements.

Conducting solids by Emma Kendrick; Peter Slater (429-457).
This article reviews the literature reported during 2009 on conducting solids including both ionic and electronic conductors. The review focuses in particular on materials which have relevance in solid oxide fuel cell, lithium ion battery and superconductor applications.

Radiochemistry by David S. Urch (458-480).
As with previous reports on recent progress in Radiochemistry, this year's review will consider radiochemical methods in isotope production, advances in labelling procedures, radioactive isotopes in the environment and miscellaneous topics of radiochemical interest, but radiation chemistry, neutron activation analysis and the chemistry of elements that happen to be radioactive will not be covered.

Interaction of metal complexes with nucleic acids by S. N. Georgiades; R. Vilar (481-503).
This chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 in the field of interaction of metal complexes with nucleic acids, also covering complex formation between transition metal ions and coordinating moieties within nucleic acids. The chapter has been divided into three sections. The first focuses on the interaction of metal complexes with DNA and is organised according to mode of interaction. The second section discusses examples of metal complexes and metal ions that interact with RNA. The last section presents examples where transition metal cations occupy coordination sites covalently incorporated within DNA strands to yield materials with distinct properties.

Inorganic pharmaceuticals by Alvin A. Holder (504-525).
This chapter reviews the literature reported during 2009 on some important advances in the area of inorganic pharmaceuticals. Research highlights for the respective metals during the year are also given.

Photophysical properties of metal complexes by Paul I. P. Elliott (526-552).
This review summarises the literature reported in 2009 on the photophysical properties of metal complexes and their polynuclear supramolecular assemblies.

Synthesis of nanoparticles for biomedical applications by Cristina Blanco-Andujar; Le Duc Tung; Nguyen T. K. Thanh (553-568).
This review summarises the advances in synthetic methods of nanoparticles (NPs) for biomedical applications published in 2009.

Back cover (569-569).